GLOBALIZATION IS A term that is used quite frequently but whose meaning remains obscure. One definition of globalization is that is a process of complex interconnections between societies, cultures, institutions, and individuals that takes place worldwide. It also describes the increased mobility of goods, services, labor, technology, and capital. Although globalization is not a new development, it has rapidly increased with the introduction of new technologies. Globalization is often referred to as a contemporary or modern phenomenon, but it can also be studied from a historical perspective; the result of human innovation and technological progress (biotechnologies, miniaturization, digitalization, and photonics). These activities represent more than just the simple globalization of economic activity; they refer to the increasing integration of economies and societies across the world. Unfortunately, not everyone is represented equally in the globalization process as it is affected by wealth, access to global communication media, work, financial assets, and cultural norms. Therefore, the processes of globalization have been reshaping the geography of the global economy. Globalization is a process in which geographic distances become less a factor in the sustaining of rigid land borders, long-distance economics, and political and socio-cultural relationships. Networks of relationships and cooperation cross land borders and oceans and occur worldwide. As globalization grows, geographic distance is less of a factor as the Earth does not really shrink, but “relative” distances do. Therefore, worldwide networks of agreements/cooperation can be established. The transformative ability of the globalization process has commonly been associated with both material outcomes in such specific spatial units as localities, regions, and nation-states and peculiar discursive practices by societal partners. At the opposite, many researchers consider that globalization is associated with the declining influence of space in relationships among societies. The debate on the ideology of globalization can be categorized into four different areas: 1) Free trade globalization is a way to enhance prosperity; 2) the adverse view: the potential dangers of globalization include increasing inequalities, marginalization of some regions or countries, social exclusion, crisis tendencies and simultaneous loss of political control; 3) globalization is thought of as a myth since the theory is not justified by the actual development; and 4) lastly, some economists view globalization as nothing new, as economic affiliation is as intense today as it was before World War I, 100 years ago. Globalization can also be thought of as an ideology. The slogan of globalization is “Either globalize or perish.” As an ideology, globalization implies both the inevitability and the desirability of the tendency toward integration, and not the adverse. On one hand, globalization has been accepted as the unavoidable pathway to economic prosperity and success. If a national country’s economy is not performing well, it must be because the economy does not have “enough” economic globalization. On the other hand, anti-globalization views economic globalization as the cause of socioeconomic malaise.