BOMBAY, RENAMED Mumbai in 1995, is a city in western India and the capital of the Indian state of Maharashta. With its 3 totally computerized stock exchanges that handle 70 percent of the country’s stock transactions and manufacturing (particularly in textiles, which employs 11 percent of India’s factory workers), Mumbai is the most important economic center of South Asia. It is India’s largest port in tonnage handled. Mumbai is not only the largest city of India, with an estimated population of 16 million (2000), but is also the fifth-largest metropolis in the world. Mumbai is projected by the United Nations (UN) to be the third-largest city by 2015, when its population will reach 22.6 million. The old city of Bombay, an island, has a lowland terrain and has gone through several stages of reclamation. It forms the southern tip of Greater Bombay. The main part of the metropolis is separated from mainland India by a narrow water body; to the west lies the Western Ghats mountain range. Located south of the Tropic of Cancer and falling in the monsoon climate zone, its annual rainfall averages 84 inch (213 centimeter), mostly from June through September. Mumbai’s average January temperature is 66 degrees F (19 degrees C) and the May average is 81 degrees F (27 degrees C).