HAWAII IS a U.S. state located in the central Pacific Ocean near the EQUATOR and consists of eight major islands: Hawaii, Maui, Kahoolawe, Lanai, Molokai, Oahu, Kauai, and Niihau; 129 smaller islands are also part of Hawaii. Hawaii is not the equivalent of the Hawaiian Islands or the Hawaiian Chain, which includes other islands, such as Midway, that are not part of the state of Hawaii. At its greatest expanse, Hawaii extends for 1,523 mi (2,600 km); it has a total land mass of 6,423 square mi (16,729 square km). The highest point is Mauna Kea at more than 13,796 feet (4,205 m) and the lowest point is at sea level. The capital city is Honolulu on the island of Oahu. The population of Hawaii is 1,211,537 (2000 census), and its largest city is Honolulu (876,156). The state population is evenly divided by gender and has a density of 188.6 persons per square mile. The median age in 2000 was 36.2 years.