KNOWN AS THE Silver State, the Battle-Born State, or the Sagebrush State, the mountain state of Nevada was admitted to the Union in 1864 as the 36th state. Covering an area of 110,540 square mile (286,297 square kilometer), Nevada is 485 mile (780 kilometer) north to south and 315 mile (507 kilometer) east to west, making it seventh in size among the 50 states. Nevada has significant areas of land that remain uninhabited and under federal control. Nevada, which means “snow-capped,” ranks 35th in population The state is bordered on the north by Oregon and Idaho, on the east by Utah and Arizona, on the southeast by Arizona, and on the southwest and west by California. Carson City is the capital of Nevada. The largest cities include Las Vegas, Henderson, Reno, North Las Vegas, Sparks, Carson City, Elko, Boulder City, Mesquite, and Fernley. Nevada’s arid/semiarid climate results in many days of sunshine broken by minimal precipitation, making it the driest state in the Union. Summers are long and hot, and winters are short and mild. Average temperatures range from a high of 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) in southern Nevada to 45 degrees F (7.2 degrees C) in the northern part of the state. The state’s highest temperature of 125 degrees F (51.6 degrees C) was recorded in 1994 at Laughlin. Annual rainfall is a scant 4 inch (10 centimeter) in drier areas, while other parts of the state may experience up to 40 inch (101 centimeter) each year. Snow may fall at any time of the year in northern Nevada.